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高考辅导

作者: 李朝辉 来源:k12zy.com时间:2008-07-15 查看

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2009年高考英语冲刺建议 黄石二中 李朝辉

高考题对能力测试有哪些要求?如何在最后一个月内提高这些能力?这是考生急切关注的问题。本文按高考考试题型对这类问题一一进行探讨,以求给同学们一个较满意的答案。

听力

高考英语听力分为短对话、长对话和独白三个测试部分。其目的主要是检测考生的听力理解能力。考试题目以选择题为主,少数省份有个别的写出空处缺失的词汇的题目。最后冲刺阶段对听力的训练必须有明确的针对性,根据自身情况进行强化训练,务必对听力测试的三种材料形式及其命题规律有所了解,这样定能提高应试水平。

短对话

短对话考查的是考敏捷捕捉信息的能力,因为只读一遍,往往许多考生在做这一部分时由于方法不当,丢分较多。要做好这部分除了掌握正确的解题方法之外,还必须对考查的类型有所了解。吸力测试一般有“询问型、建议型、陈述型、转折型、判断型、肯定与否定型、同意与反对型、情景型” 等。

(一)询问包括问信息和表求帮助及相应的答语。问的内容包括:地址、时间、价格、计划、个人或组织活动的情况等。

询问类的问题常常为:

1)What does the man/woman want to know?(询问信息)

2)What does the man/woman mean?(询问信息)

3)What can we infer about the man/woman?(询问信息)

4)How can the man/woman do such a thing?(询问方式)

5)How often does the man go swimming?(询问频率)

6)Where/When should the man/woman does sth.?(询问信息、方式)

7)How does the man/woman feel?(询问态度)

口语使用的询问语句都很简单,常用一般疑问句和特殊疑问句,有时也用反问句。

1. 一般疑问句

常规句子:

【例如】

①Are you sure about it?

②Did you know how to do it?

③Did you know it was going to rain today?

④Will you be at home 8 o’clock today?

一般疑问句的答语是规范的,要用Yes或No来回答。

2. 省略式的句子

【例如】

Want to have a break?

3. 特殊疑问句

4. 反问句

【例如】

①Don’t you think it’s interesting?

②You don’t do that, do you?

③The examination is easy, don’t you agree?

④The team is great, right?

5. 含情态动词的问句

【例如】

①Can you tell me where I can make money?

②May I dance with you?

③Must we obey the law?

④Can I leave a message?

⑤Would you mind my opening the window?

【例题】

W: Could you please tell me the way to the post office? I need to buy some stamps.

M: Sure. It’s not far. Just around the corner.

Question: What does the woman want to do?

A. She needs to buy a lamp.

B. She wants to buy a post card.

C. She wants to go to the post office.

解答:选项中lamp与stamp构成语音干扰;post card, office构成语义干扰。

答案为C。

(二)建议型十分常见。建议型对话一般是这样的:第一说话人给出一个为难或困惑的情景,第二人为其指出解决问题的办法,第一个说话人可以用描述、询问等多种方式给出情景,而第二个说话人提建议的方式却很有规律,所用句型也很有限。提问通常问建议的内容。因此,这种题型最关键之处在于熟悉常用的提议的句子。

1. 提建议常用的方法和句型

1)特殊疑问句

①How about doing sth.?

②What about sb./sth.?

③What about doing sth.?

2)完成时一般疑问句型

①W: Where can I find the book?

M: Have you tried that bookstore?

②W: The bus is too slow.

M: Have you thought about taking a taxi?

3)情态动词句型

①Should she be crying so hard?

(意思是她不该哭得那么厉害。)

②M: Would you tell our teacher that I can’t go to his class, tomorrow? I have something very important to do.

W: Oh. That’s not good. You’d better tell him yourself.

4)比较句型。问题往往带mean, imply, infer等词。

【例如】

①W: The bus is so crowded and slow, I can not stand it!

M: It’s much better if you take a subway.

Q: What does the man mean/imply?

②W: I’m tired of this game.

M: You’ll do better if you play with a partner.

2. 常用提建议的句子

①What does the man mean/imply?

②According to the man, what is wrong?

③Which…will the man take/get?

④What does the man suggest the woman do?

⑤How will the man do…?

⑥When will the train arrive/leave?

⑦Which of the following is true?

⑧What is the possible relatonship between…?

3. 建议题型的规律

1)情景由第一人提供,问题的答案内容基本包含在第二说话人中。

2)答案项中的关键词常改写、换旧。

【例题】

M: I was going to get some shoes at the shop. But it seems to be closed.

W: Oh, that’s because it’s Sunday today.

How about trying the next shop?

Question: What does the woman suggest the man do?

A. The man should try again next time.

B. The man should go to another shop.

C. The man should look for the shoes carefully.

答案为B。How about trying the next shop?表示建议。答语中的next shop是关键词。

(三)陈述型指说明原因、回答询问的句式。对应的交际功能有介绍、澄清、报告、喜好和厌恶、能够与不能够,肯定与不肯定等等。通常是第一个人提出询问,第二个人予以回答、说明。因此,陈述题型往往是与询问题型、情景题型结合在一起的,只是重心在第二个人的说话内容上。

【例题】

W: Your eyes look terrible, what’s wrong?

M: Oh, I stayed up too late last night.

Q: What’st the man’s problem?

A. He slept little last night.

B. He is suffering eye problem.

C. His eyes are difficult with others.

答案为A。第二个人说I stayed up too late night是重要,要听懂stay up(熬夜)才行。

(四)转折型是听力测试的主打内容。它包含了听力测试的主要思想:转折和曲折。 本文文档版下载:http://www.k12zy.com/50/50/505041.htm


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文件名称 高考辅导
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创建时间 2008-4-13 13:24:00
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