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陈老师课堂点拨高三U06

作者:陈明根来源:k12zy.com时间:2007-12-16 查看

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G3<<陈老师课堂>> Unit 6 Going West ( 21 )

(Warming up, Listening, Speaking)

01. quit vt. 放弃;停止;离开; e.g. They quit work at seven p.m. 他们下午七点停止工作。He quit his job last month. 他上个月辞职了。She told me that her husband hadn’t quit smoking, but had held down to three cigarettes a day. 她告诉我说她的丈夫并没有戒烟,但是已减少到每天三支了。

02. apply…to… 运用;申请;e.g. Now a lot of new technology can be applied to solving problems in industry. 现在许多新技术能够用来解决工业难题。We can apply laser to an operation 我们能利用激光做手术了。The nurse applied a bandage to the wound. 护士将伤口打上绷带。I am going to apply for a job as an English teacher. 我打算去应征当英语教师; apply oneself to = devote to 专心从事;e.g. Students should apply themselves to their study. 学生们应该专心致志地学习。

03. I can quickly adapt myself to new circumstances. adapt vi. 改变;使适合;adapt…to… 改变;使……适应……; e.g. He couldn’t adapt his way of life to the school. 他的生活方式无法适应学校的要求。We tried to adapt ourselves to the hot weather. 我们尽量努力适应炎热的天气。

04. keep up 保持;维持; e.g. I hope the weather will keep up. 我希望这天气会保持下去。The noise kept up all night. 噪音持续了整个夜晚。good news keeps our spirits up. 好消息使我们精神振奋。Can you keep up, or will we have to walk more slowly? 你跟得上吗?要不我们走慢一点?We sang songs to keep our moral up. 我们唱着歌以保持高昂的士气。 *** keep a close watch on 密切注意;keep…away from…使……避开……;keep back 隐瞒;忍住;keep body and soul together 维持活命;keep doing sth. 一直做某事;keep one’s temper 不发脾气;keep out 使……不进入;keep up with跟上;keep in touch with 与……保持联系;keep off 远离;不接近;keep one’s word 守信;

05. survive vt. 幸免于;比……活得长; e.g. Only a few soldiers survived the battle. 在那次战斗中仅有几名士兵幸存。She survived her brother for ten years. 她比她哥哥多活了十年。vi. 幸存;活下来;e.g. We survived although others died in the air crash. 在那次飞机坠毁事件中别人都遇难了,唯独我们幸存了下来。

(Reading)

01. This account of the wonderful land beyond the Rocky Mountains gave him the idea to move there. 书中对于落基山脉旁边的那块神奇地带的描述,使父亲

G3<<陈老师课堂>> Unit 6 Going West ( 22 )

萌生了去那儿的念头。beyond prep. adv. (场所)在……那边;(程度)超越;除……以外;向远方; *** beyond sb. 对于某人来说难以想象/理解; e.g. Go about 300 meters beyond the bridge, and you’ll find the bookstore on the left. 过了桥大约走300米,你就会看到左侧的书店了。He is such a naughty boy and is beyond my control. 他是个顽皮的男孩,我管教不了。He’s got nothing beyond his state pension. 除了国家发的养老金,他一无所有。Don’t stay out beyond 10 o’clock. 晚上10点以后不要在外面逗留。The immediate future is clear, but it’s hard to tell what lies beyond. 近期的情况很清楚,但以后会怎样很难说。It is beyond me why she wants to marry Geoff. 我不理解她为什么要嫁给杰弗。**** beyond reason 不合理;beyond one’s power 力所不及;

02. By the middle of October we set off for our journey across the continent. 十月中旬我们开始横跨大陆之旅。set off for + 地点 动身去某地;e.g. Einstein’s family set off for the States in 1933. 爱因斯坦一家于1933年动身去美国。And then we shall set off for town together. 然后我们一起出发进城。 set off 使……爆炸;引起; In the evening the sky was as bright as day when fireworks were set off. 夜晚放烟火时天空亮如白昼。Martin’s speech set off a wave of anger. 马丁的演讲激起了愤怒的浪潮。

03. …was the most trying part. ……是最难熬的一部分。 trying adj. 使人痛苦的;难堪的;艰苦的; e.g. a trying day 难挨的一天;a trying person to deal with 不易相处的人;work that is trying to the eyes 费眼力的工作;The road which leads to success is trying. 通向成功的道路是艰苦的。

04. Water that was shown on the map proved to be salty ponds and not drinkable. 地图上表明的水域结果证明是咸水塘,不适合饮用。prove v.link. 证明; prove + 名词/代词;prove + 复合宾语;prove + that从句;e.g. He proved (to be) an honest friend. 事实证明他是一个诚实的朋友。The soldier has proved his courage in battle. 那位战士在战斗中证实了自己的勇气。Time will prove me (to be) right. 时间将证明我是对的。These facts will prove that we are telling the truth. 这些事实将会证明我们说的是真话。

05. The animals dragged their legs, too weak to pull their burden, their tongues hung out in desperate need of water. 那些牲畜拖着它们的腿,太虚弱而难负重荷,吐着舌头,极度缺水。 burden n. 负担; vt. 使……负重担; e.g. The boy was a burden to his family. 那个男孩是他家的一个负担。Too much praise is also a burden. 太多的赞扬也是种负担。I don’t want to burden her with my troubles. 我不想以我的苦恼来加重她的负担。He burdened himself with a heavy coat. 他给自己加了一件厚大衣。desperate adj. 亡命的;绝望的;极严重的;极度的;e.g. Her illness is desperate, but not hopeless. 虽然治好她的病希望很小,

G3<<陈老师课堂>> Unit 6 Going West ( 23 )

但尚未绝望。He is desperate to pass the entrance exam. 他很渴望通过入学考试。a desperate cry for help 绝望的呼救声;The man lost in the desert was desperate for water. 在沙漠中迷失方向的人极度渴望得到水。 本文文档版下载:http://www.k12zy.com/49/93/499359.htm


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